I voted Sum wat lol (Based on personal experience.) For couple of reasons.
I think Crtiques do help, greatly.. but to make it work effectively its very important there's some kind of trust, respect and a continuous relationship between 'student' and 'teacher'.
One or two or three critiques do not make someone a better poet especially if its done in a public setting. Let's face it as writers we are more sensitive than others in different mediums. Most often guidance takes at least a year, at minimum.
There's always that delicate line of how much to shape without actually making someone write like ourselves, the teacher that is.
But the best lessons which students in any form or field remember and apply when somethng is not told but expalined why its done the way its done.
It's not easy as a teacher or recipient but both have to be willing to work together to discuss and communicate in order to grow.
I agree with this sumwut!
I have learned a great deal by a single critique from someone who actually knew what they were talking about. It stays with you and resonates during your next write. A solid critique becomes ingrained in your writing process. I agree 100% on the explanation vs simply rewriting a poem. A critiquer needs to explain their reasons if they want to actually impart knowledge within the writer. I can remove extraneous or redundant words; however, if I do not explain that process the writer won't remember nor practice it. I can alter tenses and correct punctuation; however, if I don't explain the correct usage the writer learns nothing.
Critique isn't about rewriting another's poetry; it's about teaching another techniques. Sometimes it means being a hedge trimmer; other times it means ( to a degree ) being an English instructor; and, other times still, it means being a counsellor and recognizing the emotional investment the writer has in the poem being critiqued, i.e. -- whether they are emotionally distanced enough to accept a full bodied critique vs a few solid suggestions until a bit of time has passed.
As much responsibility lies on the critiquer as it does the poet to understand, as you have said, it is a form of communication ( typically initiated at the request of the poet ) meant to improve skill sets on both sides. Any critiquer who doesn't feel they have something to learn, even from a novice, is sadly not a quality critiquer. Because we learn something with every single critique, whether technical or emotional.
Thanks for your insight, Layla.